Australia’s Incredible Kakadu National Park

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The boat ride to Twin Falls: crocs possibly included! | Photo: Laurence Norah

If there is one place you must visit when in Australia’s Northern Territory, it is the Kakadu National Park.

Here you will find stunning outback scenery, gigantic waterfalls, 5,000-year-old aboriginal rock art and all manner of wildlife in a park spanning an area the size of Slovenia.

Given that Kakadu is so big, and not everyone has huge amounts of time on their hands, here I have highlighted some of my favorite parts of this incredible, world-heritage-listed park.

Jim Jim Falls

Waterfalls are a popular attraction and I freely admit that I am a huge waterfall fan. The thing that differentiates Jim Jim from most of the falls I have visited however is the lack of water. Unless you have a helicopter, it is only possible to visit the falls during the dry season—at which time there isn’t any water going over it. Which is a bit of shame, because this 200-meter high waterfall is presumed to be seriously impressive when in full flow.

Still, visiting it in the dry season isn’t a waste of time. Massive walls rise up all around you, topping out at over 200 meters in sheer height, over which you can imagine water cascading in volume. The pool at the bottom is safe for swimming in, if a little chilly, which given the temperatures in this part of the world, is no terrible thing.

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Twin Falls | Photo: Laurence Norah

Once you’re at Jim Jim falls, you are only a few kilometers away from the Twin Falls, over which water cascades all year round. Getting to the Twin Falls involves a short boat ride up a potentially croc infested river, which costs a bit of money, followed by a short scramble up the rocky path. Swimming isn’t allowed at these falls, but the views make up for that.

Both of these falls require a four-wheel drive to visit—there is deep sand to drive over as well as rivers to cross. Unless you have your own vehicle, a tour is probably the easiest way to do this—many hire companies specifically prohibit you from driving down the Jim Jim falls road in their vehicles, even the 4×4 ones.


Ubirr is one of Australia’s best and most accessible aboriginal rock art sites. Here the rock art, some of it thought to be over 5,000 years old, depicts all sorts of things, from the Rainbow Serpent (creator of the landscape), to lists of local delicacies. Much rock art was, after all, essentially a run down of the local food items you could expect to find, from fish to roos.

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The rock outcrop of Ubirr offers a spectacular view. | Photo: Laurence Norah

As well as the rock art, there is a magnificent rock outcrop that you can climb atop, from where a flood plain of African proportions comes into view. Birds, water buffalo and huge saltwater crocs will vie for your attention, as will swarms of mozzies. Bring lots of repellent—they’re ferocious little blighters.

A popular activity at Ubirr is watching the sun set or rise, and the moon set or rise. If you time it right, and arrive around the time of the full moon, you will be greeted by the sight of a swollen reddish purple moon arising from the ground just as the sun heads earthwards. Moving stuff.

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Moonrise at Ubirr | Photo: Laurence Norah


Gunlom is another magical waterfall that still manages to pull off spectacular even in the dry, when there is hardly any water going over it. The billabong at the base is safe for swimming in, but the real highlight is taking the kilometer-long track up to the top, from where you can stand on the edge and enjoy the amazing view across the southern half of the park.

You can also, rather splendidly, swim in the pools at the top, and given that the temperatures in this part of the world are rarely anything below 30 degrees C, this option is pretty much a must after the hike up.

Finally, as a quick film fact, key scenes from Crocodile Dundee were filmed here, and in fact, much of the rest of the park was the backdrop for this quintessentially Australian movie.


Maguk was one of the highlights of my entire Australia trip, which is saying something. Found in the southern part of Kakadu, at the end of a four-wheel-drive-only road, Maguk (also known as Barramundi Gorge), is a waterfall that flows year round. The special part of it, however, is the incredible swimming it offers.

There are two options for swimming at Maguk. The first is the big pool at the base of the waterfall. Whilst this is deemed crocodile safe, and many people do swim in it, I wasn’t entirely convinced.

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Crocodile safety warning at Maguk | Photo: Laurence Norah

The other, far more appealing option, is at the top of the waterfall, reached via a not entirely clearly marked track. Here there are a stunning series of mini waterfalls, underwater tunnels and deep pools to wallow and bathe in. I managed to spend three whole days doing very little here, observing tour groups come and go, lying in the sun and generally enjoying life. If you only visit one rock hole in your entire Australia trip—this should be it.

Warradjan Cultural Center

Ah, culture. That important stuff we feel we are supposed to somehow inhale as part of our travels, without which we are perhaps missing out on something vital. I’m generally not a big fan of culture for cultures sake, but there is something about a 40,000-year-old civilization that does require at least a modicum of respect.

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Aboriginal art at Warradjan | Photo: Laurence Norah

The Warradjan Cultural Centre is, therefore, on my list of places to visit in Kakadu. It has all sorts of fascinating knowledge on the history of the local people, including rock art, examples of tools and so on.

If you’re passing through the area, and given that there is only one road going round Kakadu, this is largely inevitable, do drop in. You won’t regret visiting this particular cultural experience.

Hints for your visit

  • Kakadu is a big old place. If you are self driving, which would be my recommended option for visiting, allow at least a week.
  • You should visit in the Dry season (April–October usually). Whilst the waterfalls are certainly going to be more spectacular in the Wet, nearly all the roads will be closed due to water levels, so you’ll need a helicopter to get around.
  • If you hire an offroad capable vehicle, check the small print allows you to actually go offroad—and particularly through water—as some of the attractions do involve river crossings
  • If you don’t have any offroad driving experience, you may want to check out my offroad driving tips article.
  • If the thought of steering yourself through crocodile filled rivers and traversing deep sandy tracks in a hire car fills you with terror, there are a multitude of operators who will take you on a guided tour. Pick one that lasts for a good few days though, as otherwise you’ll spend all your time getting acquainted with your bus seat.
  • Unless a water hole is specifically deemed to be safe to swim in, or it’s handily at the top of a water fall, don’t swim in it. Despite being up to five meters long, saltwater crocodiles are incredibly good at hiding themselves, and you’ll only know they are there when it is too late. Don’t camp near unsafe water either. Seriously—these things are deadly and people do get killed.

There are multiple other activities and sights in Kakadu—you could easily spend upwards of a month exploring this immense park. From boat rides on the yellow water billabong to outback bush walking around Nourlangie, to just lazing in endless rock pools, you really won’t run out of things to do!

This post is available as part of the Finding the Universe series of offline ebooksIf you liked it, and would like to be able to access it offline, why not check out all of our guides, which are available for download now!


Laurence Norah is the photography-and-travel-obsessed mind behind travel and photography blog Finding the Universe. He loves adventure travel, getting out into the middle of nowhere and taking pictures of everything he sees. You can follow his adventures and photography on his travel blog, Facebook, and Twitter!


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